Dr. Maria Montessori is a pioneer because she was the first person who understood the value of self determination and understanding of the environment in helping a child succeed later on and she did so when she was an assistant doctor at the Children’s Psychological Ward at a hospital in Rome. She was the one who first pointed out that a child has a great desire to discover the world all around and is also extremely inquisitive. So to enhance the education of the child, this natural curiosity has to be properly channeled and all the questions needs to be answered, instead of ignoring them, which many tend to do. Some of the fundamental factors of Montessori school education are as follows.
- It is necessary to treat children as individuals and differently than adults. It should also be remembered that no two children can be the same.
- Children are unusually sensitive and are keen to learn from the environment and so should be encouraged to do so.
- Always try to nurture the child carefully in the first six years because this is when the unconscious learning progressively reaches the conscious level.
The child should realize his/her full potential and become successful in all spheres of life -this is the aim of Montessori school education. Specially trained teachers are very valuable here because they can help the children enjoy and also show them the way. And as a result, the child can go through the process of learning in a playful but correct manner where nothing is imposed on the child-student.
The Montessori Method allows the child to experience and comprehend what is all around him or her and thus learn better. This leads to an atmosphere of mutual trust and regard and the bond between the mentor and the child deepens, and the child feels self-confident too. The Montessori education method also involves the following objects and principles through which a child starts learning.
- Materials: There are many objects that often generate a lot of curiosity and attention among children, and the teacher presents them to a child and takes this opportunity to impart teaching as the child becomes engrossed.
- No gap in learning: Tasks are planned in such a way that each new learning step will follow whatever has been taught earlier and hence, there is no learning gap between the tasks or the steps. This is the best teaching method to remove any sense of uncertainty among the child.
- Positive attitude towards learning: As most learning activities relating to Montessori school education are individualized, the child automatically feels a strong attachment towards the process of learning. And it is this attachment that finally leads to regard, which is important for successful education.
- Power of concentration: Montessori education can also help the child understand about concentration.